Have and have got

A. Have and have got (= possess, own etc.)
  We often use have got rather than have alone. So you can say:
  * We've got a new car. or We have a new car.
  * Ann has got two sisters. or Ann has two sisters.
  We use have got or have for illnesses, pains etc.:
  * I've got a headache. or I have a headache.
  In questions and negative sentences there are three possible forms:
  Have you got any money?  I haven't got any money.
  Do you have any money?  I don't have any money.
  Have you any money? (less usual)  I haven't any money. (less usual)
  Has she got a car?  She hasn't got a car.
  Does she have a car?  She doesn't have a car.
  Has she a car? (less usual)  She hasn't a car. (less usual)
  When have means 'possess' etc., you cannot use continuous forms (is having/are having etc.):
  * I have/I've got a headache. (not 'I'm having')
  For the past we use had (usually without 'got'):
  * Ann had long fair hair when she was a child. (not 'Ann had got')
  In past questions and negative sentences we normally use did/didn't:
  * Did they have a car when they were living in London?
  * I didn't have a watch, so I didn't know the time.
  * Ann had long fair hair, didn't she?
    B. Have breakfast/have a bath/have a good time etc.
  Have (but not 'have got') is also used for many actions and experiences. For example:
  have breakfast/dinner/a cup of coffee/a cigarette etc.
  have a bath/a shower/a swim/a rest/a party/a holiday/a nice time etc.
  have an accident/an experience/a dream etc.
  have a look (at something)/a chat (with somebody)
  have a baby (= give birth to a baby)
  have difficulty/trouble/fun
  * Goodbye! I hope you have a nice time.
  * Mary had a baby recently.
  'Have got' is not possible in these expressions. Compare:
  * I usually have a sandwich for my lunch. (have = 'eat' - not 'have got')
  but * I've got some sandwiches. Would you like one?
  In these expressions, have is like other verbs. You can use continuous forms (is having are having etc.) where suitable:
  * I had a postcard from Fred this morning. He's on holiday. He says he's having a
wonderful time. (not 'he has a wonderful time')
  * The phone rang while we were having dinner. (not 'while we had')
  In questions and negative sentences we normally use do/does/did:
  * I don't usually have a big breakfast. (not 'I usually haven't')
  * What time does Ann have lunch? (not 'has Ann lunch')
  * Did you have any difficulty finding somewhere to live?


  17.1 Write negative sentences with have. Some are present (can't) and some are past (couldn't).
  1. I can't make a phone call. (any change)
  I haven't got any change.
  2. I couldn't read the notice. (my glasses)
  I didn't have my glasses.
  3. I can't climb up onto the roof. (a ladder)
  I ---
  4. We couldn't visit the museum. (enough time)
  We ---
  5. He couldn't find his way to our house. (a map)
  6. She can't pay her bills. (any money)
  7. They can't get into the house. (a key)
  8. I couldn't take any photographs. (a camera)
  17.2 Complete these questions with have. Some are present and some are past.
  1. Excuse me, have you got a pen I could borrow?
  2. Why are you holding your face like that? --- a toothache?
  3. --- a bicycle when you were a child?
  4. '--- the time, please?' 'Yes, it's ten past seven.'
  5. When you did the exam, --- time to answer all the questions?
  6. I need a stamp for this letter. --- one?
  7. 'It started to rain while I was walking home.' 'Did it? --- an umbrella?'
  17.3 In this exercise you have to write sentences about yourself. Choose four of the following things (or you can choose something else):
  a car  a bicycle  a moped  a guitar  a computer  a camera  a driving licence  a job  a dog/a cat (or another animal)
  Have you got these things now? Did you have them ten years ago? Write two sentences each time using I've got/I haven't got and I had/I didn't have.
  now  ten years ago (or five if you're too young)
  1. I've got a car.  I didn't have a car.
  2. ---  ---
  3. ---  ---
  4. ---  ---
  17.4 Complete these sentences. Use an expression from the list and put the verb into the correct form where necessary.
  have lunch  have a swim  have a nice time  have a chat  have a cigarette  have a rest  have a good flight  have a baby  have a shower  have a party  have a look
  1. I don't eat much during the day. I never _have lunch._
  2. David likes to keep fit, so he --- every day.
  3. We --- last Saturday. It was great - we invited lots of people.
  4. Excuse me, can I --- at your newspaper, please?
  5. 'Where's Jim?' 'He --- in his room. He's very tired.'
  6. I met Ann in the supermarket yesterday. We stopped and ---.
  7. I haven't seen you since you came back from holiday ---?
  8. Suzanne --- a few weeks ago. It's her second child.
  9. I don't usually smoke but I was feeling very nervous, so I ---.
  10. The phone rang but I couldn't answer it because I ---.
  11. You meet Tom at the airport. He has just arrived. You say:
  Hello, Tom. ---?


  3 I haven't got a ladder./I don't have a ladder.
  4 We didn't have enough time.
  5 He didn't have a map.
  6 She hasn't got any money./She doesn't have any money.
  7 They haven't got a key./They don't have a key.
  8 I didn't have a camera.
  2 Have you got/Do you have
  3 Did you have
  4 Have you got/Do you have
  5 did you have
  6 Have you got/Do you have
  7 Did you have
  17.3 Example answers:
  2 I've got a bicycle (now). I didn't have a bicycle (ten years ago).
  3 I haven't got a guitar (now). I had a guitar (ten years ago).
  4 I've got a dog (now). I had a dog (ten years ago).
  2 has a swim
  3 had a party
  4 have a look
  5 is having a rest/'s having a rest
  6 had a chat
  7 Did you have a nice time
  8 had a baby
  9 had a cigarette
  10 was having a shower
  11 Did you have a good flight